Audit Trail For MS SQL

Nov 9, 2006

Hi folks. Any ideas on the best way to creat an audit trail for ms sql 2000?

I want to capture all tables affected by UPDATE, INSERT and DELETE queries.

Any help would be appreciated!

Many thanks!

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Mar 19, 2001

Is there anyway I can audit the data imported by BCP or DTS into the table ?


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Apr 27, 2004

A table that stores all [updated | deleted] transactions in a database
TableName, TableId, ColumnName, ValueType, NewValue, OldValue, DateChanged


A copy of each individual table, which could add up to a lot of tables

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Audit Trail...

Jul 20, 2005

Hi...A much lamented question, I guess..I'm trying to create a simple audit trail.log the changes to an SQL 2000 table, so that they are written into amirror table. The entire record, only the updated one, i.e. if sayonly one field changes, the audit table will be inserted with onerecord that has one field changed. if the record has been deleted, itstill will be written.I'm not worrying about additional fields to the audit table containingdescriptive flags of what action took place yet. I just want themirror image for starters.I got the script of the 'create table' off Query analyzer. created theaudit table.the trigger looks like this:CREATE TRIGGER dt_tbl1_auditon tbl1for insert, update, deleteASinsert into tbl1_auditselect * from insertedthe table has about 50 fields or so, so I tried to make do with *'s.didn't work, so I tried copying and pasting the explicit list of fieldnamesinstead (though I'm not sure why it needs that if the two tables areidentically structured).in either case, if I update any field on the audited table, I get thiserror:(after getting the warning that the results may take a long time toprocess etc, the original table has over 100,000 rows)"another user has modified the contents of this table or view,the database row you are modifying no longer exists in the databasedatabase error: insert error:column name or number of supplied values does not match tabledefinition"I'm not sure what's wrong, the two tables are identical (I copy pastedthe create table script with no changes). no other users except me onthis database.i've removed all constraints and indexes from the audit table.thanks

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Jul 13, 1999

We're looking for a solution to an audit trail issue. Our business people are looking to track each column value that changes(before and after images) for every table on our database as well as the userid that changed the data and when it was changed. Are there any methods that have been employed by other sites to track this level of detailed changes without resorting to triggers for each table and has anyone worked out a way for this audit trail writing to be handled asynchronously within SQL Server?

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Hi, anyone have links i can go to about audit trail?i have been on the internet an the example are confusing.

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Jan 20, 2006


I have a Mailout table with a MID, ADDRESS, CITY, POSTCODE linked to another table called History which contains events that are associated with each Mailout record. I need to create an audit trail based on the MID of the mailout table that would tell me how many records are currently in event 1,in event 2 etc.

I'm thinking of creating an audit trail table that would store the data as well as create triggers to check on any change(add/deletions/updates) of the status of each record.

Is this the best way of doing it? Or are there any other ways of achieving an audit trail?

$3.99/yr .COM!

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Typical Audit Trail ?

Jul 23, 2005

I tried to implement triggers for filling audit-trail table on this way.Everything works fine as long as I don't update the primary key field value.When I try to update PK value, an error occures.The code is the following:CREATE TRIGGER NameOfTheTriggerON dbo.TableName FOR DELETE, INSERT, UPDATEAS BEGINdeclare@type varchar(10) ,@UpdateDate datetime ,@UserName varchar(128)if exists (select * from inserted) and exists (select * from deleted)select @type = 'UPDATE'else if exists (select * from inserted)select @type = 'INSERT'elseselect @type = 'DELETE'select @UpdateDate = getdate() ,@UserName = system_user/* this code is repeting for every field in the table*/if update (TableName) or @type = 'DELETE'insert dbo.AUDIT_TRAIL (TableName, FieldName, OldValue, NewValue,UpdateDate, UserName, type)select 'TableName', convert(varchar(20), 'FieldName'),convert(varchar(1000),d.FieldName), convert(varchar(1000),i.FieldName),@UpdateDate, @UserName, @typefrom inserted ifull outer join deleted don i.PrimaryKeyFieldName = d.PrimaryKeyFieldNamewhere (i.FieldName<> d.FieldName or (i.FieldName is null and d.FieldName isnot null) or (i.FieldName is not null and d.FieldName is null))ENDHow to slve the problem with updated (changed) primary key values?What is the typical code for audit-trail triggers?Thanks.

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Jul 23, 2005

Hello.I tried to implement audit trail, by making an audit trail table with thefollowing fileds:TableName,FieldName,OldValue,NewValue,UpdateDate,t ype,UserName.Triggers on each table were set to do the job and everything was fine exceptthat in the audit trail you couldn't know which row exacltly wasupdated/inserted/deleted...Therefore I introduced 3 additional columnes(RowMark1, RowMark2, RowMark3) which should identify theinserted/updated/deleted row.For example, RowMark1 could be foreign key, RowMark2 could be primary key,and RowMark3 could be autonumber ID.But, when I have several rows updated, RowMark columnes values are identicalin all rows in the audit trail table! What is wrong with my code, and how tosolve it ?Thank you in advance!CREATE TRIGGER Trigger_audit_TableNameON dbo.TableNameFOR DELETE, INSERT, UPDATEAS BEGINdeclare @type nvarchar(20) ,@UpdateDate datetime ,@UserName nvarchar(100),@RowMark1 nvarchar (100),@RowMark2 nvarchar (100),@RowMark3 nvarchar (100)if exists (select * from inserted) and exists (select * fromdeleted)select @type = 'UPDATE',@RowMark1=d.ForeignKeyField,@RowMark2=d.PrimaryKey Field,@RowMark3=d.IDfrom deleted delse if exists (select * from inserted)select @type = 'INSERT',@RowMark1=i.ForeignKeyField,@RowMark2=i.PrimaryKey Field,@RowMark3=i.IDfrom inserted ielseselect @type = 'DELETE',@RowMark1=d.ForeignKeyField,@RowMark2=d.PrimaryKey Field,@RowMark3=d.IDfrom deleted dselect @UpdateDate = getdate() ,@UserName = USER/*The following code is repeated for every field in a table*/if update (FieldName) or @type = 'DELETE'insert dbo.AUDIT_TRAIL (TableName, FieldName, OldValue, NewValue,UpdateDate, UserName, type,RowMark1,RowMark2,RowMark3)select 'Descriptive Table Name', convert(nvarchar(100), 'DescriptiveField Name'),convert(nvarchar(1000),d.FieldName),convert(nvarchar(1000),i.FieldName),@UpdateDate, @UserName, @type, @RowMark1, @RowMark2,@RowMark3from inserted ifull outer join deleted don i.ID = d.IDwhere (i.FieldName <> d.FieldNameor (i.FieldName is null and d.FieldName is not null)or (i.FieldName is not null and d.FieldName is null))END

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Jan 21, 2008

Hi all,

I'm trying to create a audit trail trigger. I'm new to SQL Server. For simplicity sake, let's just say I have a table like the following:



And the audit table is:

Operation (Insert/Update/Delete)
Operator (Username)
Op_Date (GetDate())

Ok, simple enough. Now, I'm using Studio Express and there are several templates available. By default this is the one I get:





CREATE TRIGGER <Schema_Name, sysname, Schema_Name>.<Trigger_Name, sysname, Trigger_Name>

ON <Schema_Name, sysname, Schema_Name>.<Table_Name, sysname, Table_Name>

AFTER <Data_Modification_Statements, , INSERT,DELETE,UPDATE>



-- SET NOCOUNT ON added to prevent extra result sets from

-- interfering with SELECT statements.


-- Insert statements for trigger here



Not sure if I need all of this information? Examples I've found on the web look very confusing...ugh. I looking for simple (if possible).

Many thanks in advance,


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Jan 2, 2001

Hi All....

First a bit about me. I'm a developer in Atlanta. My background is mostly in Unix, but am working in NT at this job. I am gearing my skills towards enabling products on the web for people. I have experience in PHP, HTML, Javscript, C/C++, MySQL, a little Oracle and now getting fimilar with SQL Server.

What i'm trying to do....
Track all changes to data in the DB.

Why i'm doing it....
Banking application, any account changes need to be logged with which employee made the change.

How I want to do it....
Currently the app is a web app that accesses VB for the backend. There is a single SQL Server user accessing the DB. I want to use triggers on INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE to copy the new row to any audit table. This will be identical but with user, action and time.

Single user connection will hide acutal app userid. I want to have the VB app get the "SQL Server Session ID" (if one exists) and store the app_userid in a table with the session ID for cross reference by the trigger.

Does SQL Server have a "session id" for multiple connections for a single user? Where is it located? Can VB access this information?



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Hi Guys!

What's the best way to keep an audit trail of every insert, update, and delete of a certain table? Any example code out there? I'm thinking in terms of a trigger for each event, for instance, the update trigger would insert a new record into the audit table with a field for each column in the deleted table and a field for each column in the inserted table.



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It return a value at which time the query has done

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Jessica Bluff







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For the logins this is fine as there is a last updated field in the syslogins table. We can tell when a new user has been added , remmoved or the login has changed ie the login as been added to sysadmin fixed server role... etc Perfect !!!

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