How Do I Change The Default Collation String Of An Installation

Hi
When we installed SqlServer2000 we left the default collation name
(Sql_Latin1_General_CPI_CI_AS).
The user defined databases we created afterwards were defined with a
different collation name in order to be able to accept the character set
we use, Hebrew.
We are looking into switching DTSs that we use to copy data from our
main system , that uses an Ingres database, into OSQL scripts. Although
the DTSs successfully copy the Hebrew letters when I copy data with OSQL
it comes over as jibberish.
After looking into the matter I came to the conclusion that while DTS
refers to specific databases and uses the destination database's
collation name , OSQL refers to the remote server and destination server
and therefore uses the collation name of the server and not of the
database. In order for it to successfully copy the Hebrew I need to
change the default collation name of the installation.
Is "rebuild master" the way to do such a thing ? (this is a production
server so we are wary of doing a "rebuild master")
Has anyone else run into similar problems when transfering data between
servers using OSQL ?

Thanks
David Greenberg

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Change Default Collation ?

SQL Server 2000: Is it possible to change SQL server's default collation without reinstall ?

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On installation of SQL2000 if one selects the 'typical' installation one gets a default collation of SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS, which among other things sets the default code page to 1252 and accent sensitive. If one selects the 'custom' installation one can choose a default collation, not one of the backward compatible selections; in fact one must select a default collation in order to override the AS setting. If one does select the default collation to override the AS setting one gets a default collation of Latin1_General_CI_AI.

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Its not dark yet, but it's getting there...

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Problem is, the database collation is "SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS" and some fields of some tables have the collation "Latin1_General_CI_AS". You know the Problem ... ;-)

As I don't want to change the columns one by one, I want to ask how can I change collation of all column in a table by 1 Transact SQL? Or how can I change the collation of all the tables?

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Change Collation Of Table

i'm getting an error

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How can I change these tables to have the saem collation? I did not purposely make it different.

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Hi,
 
I'm using SQl Server 2005 and I need to know how can I change all table's column collation to the database default....It's too $%¨& to enter table by table and check if it's with other collate and then change...
 
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I'm recreating many of my DBA scripts that no longer work in 2005 due to the rework of system tables.  It's a risk I lived with knowing that someday the system tables would change.  I'm now encountering collation problems, which I do not understand.  I know how to fix the problem, but I don't know why the collation issues exist in the first place. 

 
Run the following command.

 
Select * From sys.all_objects a JOIN master..spt_values b on a.type = b.type

You will receive the following error.

 
Msg 468, Level 16, State 9, Line 1

Cannot resolve the collation conflict between "SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS" and "Latin1_General_CI_AS_KS_WS" in the equal to operation.

 
Now run sp_help 'sys.all_objects' and look at the collation defintion for columns "type" and "type_desc".  In my environment they have a collation of Latin1_General_CI_AS_KS_WS.  This is different then the overall default collation of SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS, thus causing the error. 

 
My question is why did Microsoft need to make this collation different for these columns?

 
Any ideas?

 
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However this time we are installing a failover cluster and this
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There have been several threads about changing a database's collation but none have come up with an easy answer before.
The suggestion before was to create an empty database with the correct collation and then copy the data across.
However this is hard work as you have to populate tables in a specific order in order not to violate foreign keys etc. You can't just dts the whole data.

There follows scripts we have written to do the job. If people use them, please could you add to this thread whether they worked successfully or not.

Firstly we change the default collation, then change all the types in the database to match the new collation.

===================
--script to change database collation - James Agnini
--
--Replace <DATABASE> with the database name
--Replace <COLLATION> with the collation, eg SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS
--
--After running this script, run the script to rebuild all indexes

ALTER DATABASE <DATABASE> COLLATE <COLLATION>

exec sp_configure 'allow updates',1
go
reconfigure with override
go
update syscolumns
set collationid = (select top 1 collationid from systypes where systypes.xtype=syscolumns.xtype)
where collationid <> (select top 1 collationid from systypes where systypes.xtype=syscolumns.xtype)
go
exec sp_configure 'allow updates',0
go
reconfigure with override
go
===================

As we have directly edited system tables, we need to run a script to rebuild all the indexes. Otherwise you will get strange results like comparing strings in different table not working.
The indexes have to actually be dropped and recreated in separate statements.
You can't use DBCC DBREINDEX or create index with the DROP_EXISTING option as they won't do anything(thanks to SQL Server "optimization").
This script loops through the tables and then loops through the indexes and unique constraints in separate sections. It gets the index information and drops and re-creates it.
(The script could probably be tidied up with the duplicate code put into a stored procedure).

====================
--Script to rebuild all table indexes, Version 0.1, May 2004 - James Agnini
--
--Database backups should be made before running any set of scripts that update databases.
--All users should be out of the database before running this script

print 'Rebuilding indexes for all tables:'
go

DECLARE @Table_Name varchar(128)
declare @Index_Name varchar(128)
declare @IndexId int
declare @IndexKey int

DECLARE Table_Cursor CURSOR FOR
select TABLE_NAME from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables where table_type != 'VIEW'

OPEN Table_Cursor
FETCH NEXT FROM Table_Cursor
INTO @Table_Name

--loop through tables
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0

BEGIN
print ''
print @Table_Name

DECLARE Index_Cursor CURSOR FOR
select indid, name from sysindexes
where id = OBJECT_ID(@Table_Name) and indid > 0 and indid < 255 and (status & 64)=0 and
not exists(Select top 1 NULL from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS
where TABLE_NAME = @Table_Name AND (CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' or CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'UNIQUE') and
CONSTRAINT_NAME = name)
order by indid

OPEN Index_Cursor
FETCH NEXT FROM Index_Cursor
INTO @IndexId, @Index_Name

--loop through indexes
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
begin

declare @SQL_String varchar(256)
set @SQL_String = 'drop index '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Table_Name + '.' + @Index_Name

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ';create '

if( (select INDEXPROPERTY ( OBJECT_ID(@Table_Name) , @Index_Name , 'IsUnique')) =1)
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + 'unique '

if( (select INDEXPROPERTY ( OBJECT_ID(@Table_Name) , @Index_Name , 'IsClustered')) =1)
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + 'clustered '

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + 'index '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Index_Name
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ' on '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Table_Name

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + '('

--form column list
SET @IndexKey = 1

-- Loop through index columns, INDEX_COL can be from 1 to 16.
WHILE @IndexKey <= 16 and INDEX_COL(@Table_Name, @IndexId, @IndexKey)
IS NOT NULL
BEGIN

IF @IndexKey != 1
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ','

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + index_col(@Table_Name, @IndexId, @IndexKey)

SET @IndexKey = @IndexKey + 1
END

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ')'

print @SQL_String
EXEC (@SQL_String)

FETCH NEXT FROM Index_Cursor
INTO @IndexId, @Index_Name
end

CLOSE Index_Cursor
DEALLOCATE Index_Cursor



--loop through unique constraints
DECLARE Contraint_Cursor CURSOR FOR
select indid, name from sysindexes
where id = OBJECT_ID(@Table_Name) and indid > 0 and indid < 255 and (status & 64)=0 and
exists(Select top 1 NULL from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS
where TABLE_NAME = @Table_Name AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'UNIQUE' and CONSTRAINT_NAME = name)
order by indid

OPEN Contraint_Cursor
FETCH NEXT FROM Contraint_Cursor
INTO @IndexId, @Index_Name

--loop through indexes
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
begin

set @SQL_String = 'alter table '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Table_Name
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ' drop constraint '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Index_Name

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + '; alter table '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Table_Name
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ' WITH NOCHECK add constraint '
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + @Index_Name
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ' unique '

if( (select INDEXPROPERTY ( OBJECT_ID(@Table_Name) , @Index_Name , 'IsClustered')) =1)
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + 'clustered '

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + '('

--form column list
SET @IndexKey = 1

-- Loop through index columns, INDEX_COL can be from 1 to 16.
WHILE @IndexKey <= 16 and INDEX_COL(@Table_Name, @IndexId, @IndexKey)
IS NOT NULL
BEGIN

IF @IndexKey != 1
set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ','

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + index_col(@Table_Name, @IndexId, @IndexKey)

SET @IndexKey = @IndexKey + 1
END

set @SQL_String = @SQL_String + ')'

print @SQL_String
EXEC (@SQL_String)

FETCH NEXT FROM Contraint_Cursor
INTO @IndexId, @Index_Name
end

CLOSE Contraint_Cursor
DEALLOCATE Contraint_Cursor

FETCH NEXT FROM Table_Cursor
INTO @Table_Name
end

CLOSE Table_Cursor
DEALLOCATE Table_Cursor

print ''
print 'Finished, Please check output for errors.'
====================

Any comments are very welcome.

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Dear All,

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I want to store japanese characters in one of my database tables. I copied some data including japanese characters from an excel sheet and pasted it to the table. that works fine. 
The characters are also nicely displayed in my web application. 

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