Index Showing Fragmentation

May 11, 2015

We have nightly job running to reorg all in one of our prod database. But the index on one of the table fragmenting quickly by the morning showing 90% fragmentation.

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Indexes Showing Fragmentation Percentage As 99%

Oct 20, 2015

I have rebuilded indexes and some of the indexes still showing fragmentation percentage as 99%. I have cross checked page count for these indexes and they are more than 10000 pages.As i am aware if the page count is less we can ignore this percentage. But in my case the page count is 10000.

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Index Fragmentation

Jun 22, 2008

What functions of tools do you use for managing index fragmentation?


I am working through MS Press SQL 2005 book and it mentions the
sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats function? It then give an example of code which is very involved.

Does anybody use this function?


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Index Fragmentation

May 10, 2007

before rebuild index
after issue the above statement result remain same.

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Index Fragmentation

Jun 24, 2007

When I run sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats on AdventureWorks.Production.Product, I get an average fragmentaion of 46%, 0%, 25% & 50% on the Indexes.

I run ALTER INDEX ALL ON AdventureWorks.Production.Product

and the index fragmentation does not change...

Why is that?? I have tried refreshing the table and the statistics but why does it look like rebuilding the indexes has done nothing?

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Index Fragmentation In The DMV

Sep 25, 2007

I have a nice script that will look at the index fragmentation by using the DMV (sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats) and if its above a specificed threshhold, it will rebuild or reorg the index.

What I have noticed is that even after reorging and/or rebuilding the index, the fragmentation percent in the DMV does not change for some indexes. Other indexes are updated just fine.

Is this a result of updating statistics? Why would the fragmentation change for some indexes and not others? Why does it seem no matter how much rebuilding or reorging is done, the fragmentation percent for some indexes does not change?

- Eric

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Index Fragmentation Issue

Feb 9, 2008

It is natural that index gets fragment overtime. But I would like to know how you do the reindexing or defragment when your database table is big and you cannot afford the time to rebuild them. Thanks.

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Index Fragmentation On SQL 2000

Nov 8, 2007

I have several databases in which our indexes have not been rebuilt/reorganized. I have worked primarily on SQL 2005 but with 2000 I am not familiar with Logical vs Extent fragmentation. And on the 2000 server there is high Logical Fragmentation (1000+%). With me rebuilding the indexes on the 2000 server databases, will this reduce performance or halt functionality of the servers while this process is running???

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SQL 2012 :: Cluster Index Fragmentation

Jun 2, 2014

We have few tables where we do truncate load or only do insert activities , why do the cluster index get fragmented very often to > 80%?

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Index Fragmentation Strategy For VLDB

Nov 20, 2007

I need to manage the problem of negative performance implications when I fragment a 1TB+ DB. I want to perform Index Reorganization if fragmentation is no higher than 30%, and Index Rebuild if the fragmentation exceeds 30%.

Firstly can anyone recommend a script which uses sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats system to ascertain the
fragmentation level. Secondly, is there a technique I can employ to prevent the ONLINE operation completely killing performance on 27/4 production system?


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Rebuild Does Not Appear To Change % Index Fragmentation

Apr 23, 2007

I have been testing methods to maintain indexes in a SQL Server 2005 database which has been migrated from SQL Server 2000. The compatibility level is still set to 80. I used the query below to inspect the degree of fragmentation amongst other things.

SELECT a.index_id

, name

, database_id

, avg_fragmentation_in_percent




FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 'DETAILED') AS a

JOIN sys.indexes AS b ON a.object_id = b.object_id AND a.index_id = b.index_id

Some of the indexes in the database had a high degree of fragmentation based on the avg_fragmentation_in_percent value. I tried drop+create, rebuild and reorganise commands on those indexes. Predictably, drop + create was the most effective, but even that did not always reduce fragmentation much. Sometimes the fragmentation was the same no matter what method I used. Other times drop+create helped, rebuild made it worse.

What is going on?

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SQL 2012 :: Possible Sources Of Fragmentation On Clustered Index

Jan 23, 2015

I have a table that has a clustered index that is only the identity column on the table. The table is somewhere around 200K rows and has 3800 pages in the index. We run our index maintenance every other day on this database using Ola's scripts and this index is rebuilt because it is 40-60% fragmented after 2 days. Overall, this isn't really too much of a problem since the index rebuild doesn't take too long, but I am puzzled as to how this index is getting fragmented since the only column in it is the identity.

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Example](
[ExampleID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
[ExampleCode] [varchar](10) NOT NULL,
[ForeignID] [int] NOT NULL,
[AnotherID] [int] NOT NULL,


) ON [PRIMARY]There is nothing strange like updates to the identity happening and while some records are deleted, there has only been about 20,000 in the life of the table (months). Not enough to account for the level of fragmentation that we're seeing on the index.About the only thing I can think of that would cause fragmentation on this index in this scenario are:

1. Page splits caused by starting with a small value in one of the VARCHARs and later inserting a larger value
2. Page splits caused by the NULLABLE column, ExampleDate, starting with NULLs and later updating them to a date.

For #1, I had development check the update scenarios for the varchar columns, especially the varchar(1000) one, and they didn't see it as a common thing where the values would go from small (or empty) to large.

For #2, I checked and found that the only value for that column in the table is NULL so while it always starts as NULL, it never gets updated to anything else.

I've tried looking at sys.dm_db_index_operational_stats and the leaf_update_count is around 300,000, but unless those updates are causing page splits, I don't see how they would contribute to fragmentation.

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Total Fragmentation On Index Doesn't Drop

Sep 17, 2007

I have a non-clustered index on a table. If I rebuild or reorganize it in SQL 2005, the total fragmentation percent reported by properties/fragmentation on the index stays at 33%.

Why doesn't the fragmentation go to 0% ?

If I totally drop/create the index, starts even higher, but beorg or rebuild simply goes to 33%. This even if using with use temp db for sort option.

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Reorganizing/Rebuilding Index Results In More Fragmentation?

Dec 11, 2007

I have been reworking my index maintenance jobs from my old SQL 2000 table and view references to the DMV's and System Tables in SQL 2005, and I noted that some of my indexes end up being more fragmented after a reorganization and or rebuild. That doesn't make much sense to me at all. The code I am executing is:

Code Block
print ' '
print '************* Beginning Index Updates for '+db_name()+' *************'
print ' '

DECLARE @tablename varchar(250),

@indexname varchar(250),
@fragpcnt decimal(18,1),
@indexid int,
@dbID int

-- Determine DB ID

DECLARE tnames_cursor CURSOR FOR

SELECT,, a.avg_fragmentation_in_percent, a.index_id
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (@dbID, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL) a

JOIN sys.indexes b ON a.object_id = b.object_id

AND a.index_id = b.index_id
JOIN Sys.objects c ON b.object_id = c.object_id
WHERE a.index_id > 0
ORDER by a.page_count DESC

OPEN tnames_cursor
FETCH NEXT FROM tnames_cursor INTO @indexname, @tablename, @fragpcnt, @indexid
WHILE (@@fetch_status = 0)


-- Declare and determine the tablename ID
declare @tablenameID int
select @tablenameID = object_id(@tablename)

IF @fragpcnt > 30


EXEC('ALTER INDEX ['+@indexname+'] ON ['+@tablename+'] REBUILD')
PRINT '***************************************************'
PRINT 'Index '+@indexname+' was rebuilt.'
PRINT 'Original framentation Percent: ' + convert(varchar, @fragpcnt) + '%'

SELECT @fragpcnt = avg_fragmentation_in_percent
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (@dbID, @tablenameID, @indexid, NULL, NULL) a

JOIN sys.indexes b ON a.object_id = b.object_id

AND a.index_id = b.index_id
JOIN Sys.objects c ON b.object_id = c.object_id

PRINT 'Post Rebuild fragmentation Percent: ' + convert(varchar, @fragpcnt) + '%'
ELSE IF @fragpcnt BETWEEN 5 AND 30


EXEC('ALTER INDEX ['+@indexname+'] ON ['+@tablename+'] REORGANIZE')
PRINT '***************************************************'
PRINT 'Index '+@indexname+' was Reorganized.'
PRINT 'Original framentation Percent: ' + convert(varchar, @fragpcnt) + '%'

SELECT @fragpcnt = avg_fragmentation_in_percent
FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (@dbID, @tablenameID, @indexid, NULL, NULL) a

JOIN sys.indexes b ON a.object_id = b.object_id

AND a.index_id = b.index_id
JOIN Sys.objects c ON b.object_id = c.object_id

PRINT 'Post Reorganization fragmentation Percent: ' + convert(varchar, @fragpcnt) + '%'


PRINT '***************************************************'
PRINT 'Index '+@indexname+' was left alone.'
PRINT 'Original framentation Percent: ' + convert(varchar, @fragpcnt) + '%'
FETCH NEXT FROM tnames_cursor INTO @indexname, @tablename, @fragpcnt, @indexid
print ' '
print '************* NO MORE TABLES TO INDEX *************'
PRINT 'All indexes for the '+db_name()+' database have been updated.'
print ' '
DEALLOCATE tnames_cursor

Below are some snipits of the output:

Index _dta_index_wuci_history_8_1123587141__K2_K5 was rebuilt.
Original framentation Percent: 58.3%
Post Rebuild fragmentation Percent: 58.3%

Index PK__batchjob__776C5C84 was left alone.
Original framentation Percent: 0.0%

Index PK__ContactWebDetail__116A8EFB was rebuilt.
Original framentation Percent: 44.4%
Post Rebuild fragmentation Percent: 77.8%

Index PK__managed_object_s__5DCAEF64 was left alone.
Original framentation Percent: 0.0%

Index kb_IX_kb_scope_scope_role was rebuilt.
Original framentation Percent: 75.0%
Post Rebuild fragmentation Percent: 87.5%

Index PK__query__09A971A2 was left alone.
Original framentation Percent: 0.0%

Index PK__email_message__38996AB5 was rebuilt.
Original framentation Percent: 85.7%
Post Rebuild fragmentation Percent: 0.0%


If the index begins with PK, then it is the primary key index which is generally the clustered index on the table, but not always. If it has an IX on it, it is generally a non-clustered index on the table, but again not always. In the case of the above, the PK is a clustered index, and the IX is a non-clustered index.

Anyone have any ideas why this is functioning in this manner?



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Transact SQL :: Index Fragmentation For Identity Column?

Jun 26, 2015

In my database all columns have Identity Value as a PK.

Now today I check Index Fragmentation I saw that many cluster and Non cluster Index are avg.Fragmentation is around 99 % I thought that in Identity column record is always inserted at bottom so there is no fill factor assigned to it.

So in this case Do I need to set Fill factor for Cluster and Non Cluster Index?

If Yes Then For PK How much - 95 % or what? and same for Non cluster or It should around 85 to 90

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PK Still Shows Fragmentation After ALTER INDEX.. REBUILD

Sep 4, 2007

I am using sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats to identify indexes that need to be rebuilt based on a fragmentation limit. Once identified, I execute and ALTER INDEX... REBUILD on the index. If the index is clustered, only that index gets rebuilt for the table. After all the indexes are complete, I receive a report on the indexes that were rebuilt in the databases and what level of fragmentation the index was at before rebuilt. After checking these indexes, I still see that all the Primary Key indexes are still at the same fragmentation level. I run the process again and it does not change. I updated table usage and also ran update statistics after running the rebuild again, but the fragmentation does not change. Why cant these PK Clustered indexes be rebuilt as expected? Do I need to drop and recreate the PK before this fragmentation changes?

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Index Fragmentation In AX Dynamics 2012 Database

Dec 17, 2014

I've noticed that indexes in my AX 2012 database get very fragmented very quickly. Is this normal and that I should just defragment them regularly or is there a possible issue here that needs investigated?

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Index Fragmentation LogicalFragmentation -how Bad Is Bad - Silly Question Alter

Mar 10, 2007

I thought I would delve into index fragmentation and I found somegreat sql from many posters (thanks Erland!).My question is how bad is bad? I know this is very subjective.Some scripts I found would reindex if the LogicalFragmenation is over30%.I have some tables that are 98% (I'm guessing really bad). I know itall depends..more as a learning point: I found a table that had over 30%logicalfragmentation, I dropped the indexes, created then ran thescript that used type code segment:'DBCC SHOWCONTIG(' + @TableName + ') WITH TABLERESULTS, ALL_INDEXES,NO_INFOMSGS')In one case, the indexes for the table dropped below 30%, in anothercase the index was still fragmented ever after I dropped and re-created index.SQL Server 2005 x64 SP2This is the script I am running (I found this in another thread thatErland posted):SET NOCOUNT ONUSE ds_v6_sourceDECLARE @TableName VARCHAR(100)-- Create a table to hold the results of DBCC SHOWCONTIGIF OBJECT_ID('Tempdb.dbo.#Contig') IS NOT NULLDROP TABLE #ContigCREATE TABLE #Contig ([ObjectName] VARCHAR(100), [ObjectId] INT,[IndexName]VARCHAR(200),[IndexId] INT, [Level] INT, [Pages] INT , [Rows] INT ,[MinimumRecordSize] INT,[MaximumRecordSize] INT , [AverageRecordSize] INT,[ForwardedRecords] INT ,[Extents] INT, [ExtentSwitches] INT, [AverageFreeBytes]NUMERIC(6,2),[AveragePageDensity] NUMERIC(6,2), [ScanDensity]NUMERIC(6,2) ,[BestCount] INT ,[ActualCount] INT , [LogicalFragmentation] NUMERIC(6,2) ,[ExtentFragmentation] NUMERIC(6,2) )DECLARE curTables CURSOR STATIC LOCALFORSELECT Table_NameFROM Information_Schema.TablesWHERE Table_Type = 'BASE TABLE'OPEN curTablesFETCH NEXT FROM curTables INTO @TableNameSET @TableName = RTRIM(@TableName)WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0BEGININSERT INTO #Contig EXEC('DBCC SHOWCONTIG(' + @TableName + ') WITHTABLERESULTS, ALL_INDEXES, NO_INFOMSGS')FETCH NEXT FROM curTables INTO @TableNameENDCLOSE curTablesDEALLOCATE curTables

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Extent Fragmentation Still High After Index Drop/create

Jul 20, 2005

hello everyone,we dropped the clustered & nonclustered indeces on a table, thenrebuilt them. logical fragmentation is near zero, but extentfragmentation is about 40%. how can this be if the indeces are brandnew?

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SQL Server Admin 2014 :: Reducing Index Fragmentation During Inserts

Apr 26, 2015

We have a database with a table that contains around 180m records. Each day a further 70k are inserted. No records are ever deleted as this table is used for archiving only.Users are required to perform SELECTs on this table constantly but due to the high number of INSERTs the indexes become very fragmented very quickly. My aim is to avoid daily rebuilds of the indexes which is what our software house is telling us we have to do.

This is the DDL for the table:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Inventory](
[EAN] [bigint] NOT NULL,
[Day] [smalldatetime] NOT NULL,
[State] [int] NOT NULL,
[Quantity] [int] NULL,
[StockValue] [float] NULL,


There are also three clustered Indexes on this table each referencing a single column. The problem from my side is that I cannot understand why the three columns in a primary key would also be configured as non-clustered indexes.My solution would be one of the following:

1. Accept the tables are going to be fragmented and require a daily rebuild (don't like this one!)

2. Partition the table

3. Remove the non-clustered Indexes and let the clustered index for the primary key do the work.

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Difference Between Index Seek && Index Scan && Index Lookup Operations?

Oct 20, 2006

please explain the differences btween this logical & phisicall operations that we can see therir graphical icons in execution plan tab in Management Studio

thank you in advance

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May 13, 2008

 i want to do fragmentation using SQL 2005 Express. Can their be any helping material for making fragmentation.  Any Example

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Mar 29, 2001

What DBCC or otherwise one would be able to find table fragmentation in SQL 7 and how to take some proactive actions ?

Thanks very much for your time.


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Jun 1, 2004

Would someone please let me know which is the better way to reduce fragmentation on Windows:NT drive?
dbcc indexdefrag
dbcc reindex
dropping and recreating indexes through SQL?


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Jul 27, 2007

Sql Server 2000.

For simplicity, I am avoiding minor details.

Here is a scenario.

Create Table T (T_ID int PK, ..) and this table is referenced by 20 other places on T_ID.

And these 20 tables have T_ID as PK or part of PK.

We have large volume of deletes in T and in the other 20 tables based on T_ID.

Once the deletes are done, will dropping and re-creating the FKs that reference the T_ID
help reduce the fragmentation caused by the deletes?

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Table Fragmentation

May 8, 2001

hi all,

i have inherited a database running on sql7 sp2. a lot of the tables do not have a clustered index. some of these tables are highly fragmented. below is a sample of the dbcc showcontig output

TABLE level scan performed.
- Pages Scanned................................: 104934
- Extents Scanned..............................: 13124
- Extent Switches..............................: 13123
- Avg. Pages per Extent........................: 8.0
- Scan Density [Best Count:Actual Count].......: 99.95% [13117:13124]
- Extent Scan Fragmentation ...................: 5.84%
- Avg. Bytes Free per Page.....................: 7757.4
- Avg. Page Density (full).....................: 4.16%

this table has 5 non-null char columns whose total length is 43 chars and the table occupies about 900 mb for only about 670,000 rows!
select on the table sucks!

since there is no clustered index i have to rebuild the table to remove the fragmentation. is there a way to reorganize the table without recreating it?




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Fragmentation -Urgent

Oct 13, 2000


I have a problem with defragmenting the tables. When i ran dbcc showcontig for the tables, it shows 94%, 50%, 33% fragmentations . I have rebuild indexes on all those tables and ran dbcc showcontig again but still it shows the same % of fragmentations. Is there any way to remove fragmentation on all the tables completely. Any help would be appreciated.


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Disk Fragmentation && SQL

Apr 14, 2004

One of my production servers has been determined to be 92% fragmented.

What's the proper procedure for defraging a database server?

I couldn't find anything very helpful in BOL, nor Knowledge Base.

Sidney Ives
Database Administrator
Sentara Healthcare

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Disk Fragmentation

Aug 9, 2004

What's the best way to find out if disk fragmentation on Windows 2000 Server is affecting SQL Server performance?

If disk fragmentation is shown to be a cause of performance problems, what are the recommendations for a disk fragmentation strategy? eg. use the win 2000 built in disk defrag utility or buy a 3rd party product like DiskKeeper? How much of an overhead is a product like DiskKeeper that defrags in the background?


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Database Fragmentation

Oct 1, 2004


How can I mesure the database fragmentation ? Cause DBCC SHOWCONTIG shows obects fragmentation only. I would like to see the whole database fragmentation.

Thanks for help

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Heavy Fragmentation

May 8, 2007

I'm attempting to debug some query timeouts on a production server.

Several tables involved in this query have logical scan fragmentation levels around 10%, and extent scan fragmentation levels 90%+.

Running INDEXDEFRAG or DBREINDEX reduces the logical scan fragmentation down to almost 0%, but the extent scan fragmentation stays upwards of 90%.

Why? What can I do to get this fragmentation down? Is it because this particular index is on a GUID?

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SQL Backup (bak) Fragmentation

Dec 13, 2006

We backup a lot of SQL databases. The db admin uses SQL to dump the databases to a *.bak file on a network share, then we pick them up to tape.

The problem is that for some reason, the backup files are MASSIVELY fragmented, which kills our backup speed to tape (via Netbackup Enterprise). If I defragment the drive (via the built-in tool on Win2K3 or PerfectDisk 8) our speed to tape more than doubles (can go from 16MB/sec to 36MB/sec). However, after the next SQL backup, the drive is completley fragmented once again (around 70%).

Is there any way to improve how these files are written to disk (to keep them relatively in one piece)? For some reason it appears this is a bigger issue with the SQL backup files than any other file type. Thanks.

Jim B

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Fragmentation Does Not Change

Aug 8, 2007

I am running this script to see the fragmentation of indexes.

SELECT a.database_id





FROM sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats (7,NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL) AS a

JOIN sys.indexes AS b

ON a.object_id = b.object_id

AND a.index_id = b.index_id

where a.database_id = db_id()

order by a.avg_fragmentation_in_percent desc

When I rebuild an index the fragmentation does not change 10% or lower (default index fill factor is 0, which I think is 90% fill)

SQL Server 2005 EE SP 2


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