Instr Function

Oct 26, 2006

In SQL SERVER 2005 Database I have a field called MedNames with values such as "sodium % 34ml"
"desx chloride 9 % 76ml"
I need to return the words before and including % so "sodium % 34ml"  should return ""sodium % "
Is it possible to do it in a select statement? I need to populate a dropdownlist with the shortened names.

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Using Instr() Len() And Mid() Function In SQL Statement

Oct 11, 2004

I am using the Instr(), Len(), and Mid() function in my SQL query and I keep getting errors stating those are not recognized functions. IS this correct? are there any equivelants?


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I Am Looking For The Function That Is The Same As InStr In Access

Jan 29, 2001

Hello there...
I am looking for the function that is the same as InStr in Access for SQL server. I have a column that has format like this.. Lastname,Firstname Middlename...
This column doesn't separate each one of them. However I need to separate Lastname and Firstname and Middlename.. I was told that in Access there is function(InStr) that can find a position of comma and separate it as Lastname like that....
I was searching BOL but I couldn't find like this function in SQL Server..
So I need help:-))))
Because everybody has a different length of the lastname, I have a problem.
I can not use SUBSTRING or LEFT or RIGHT because of the varying position of comma ...

Thanks in advance

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String Function - InStr

Dec 11, 2002

In VB there is InStr, in Excel you have SEARCH. what function can i use to search a string for a specific string. ie: how can i find where a space is in someones name?

our database has a table that is used for security. it contains a user code, user name and passcode. i need to split the username (currently forename and surname in same field) into two, around the space.

in VB i would write something like
strFName = left(<usernamefield>,InStr(1,<usernamefield>," ")-1)
to get the forename and similar to get the surname. how can i do this in SQL so that a view will supply the data apprpriately?

one of the reasons i want to do this is so that i can sort the users by surname! another is so that i can give options on their usercode - a combination of forename initial and 2 characters from surname.

any help welcomed.

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Jul 20, 2005

Hi everybody,I was looking for an equivalent ORACLE INSTR Function in MSSQL but Idon┤t found it and I don┤t know if it exist so I must to write it andthis is the code. Maybe it will be helful to you:/************************************************** *************************Description:Looks for a string inside another string and returns an integerthat correspond to the position of first ocurrence.Parameters:Input:- strSource. Contains the string where the functions look for theother string- strToFind. Contains the string to look for inside strSourceSalida:- Integer value indicating the position of first occurrence ofstrToFind in strSource************************************************** *************************/CREATE FUNCTION posSubString(@strSource varchar(400),@strToFind varchar(200)) RETURNS intASBEGINDECLARE@position int,@maxPos int,@longSubStr int,@res int,@strSub varchar(200)SET @position = 0SET @res = 0SET @longSubStr = LEN(RTIRM(LTRIM(@strToFind)))SET @maxPos = LEN(@strSource) - @longSubStrWHILE (@position <= @strToFind)BEGINSET @strSub = SUBSTRING(@strSource, @position, @longSubStr)IF (@strToFind = @StrSub)BEGINSET @res = @position - 1RETURN @resENDELSESET @position = @position + 1ENDRETURN @resENDAlonso

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INSTR Function In TransactSQL Of SQLServer 7

Sep 25, 2000

My question is about the INSTR function of MSAccess
I want to know

Goodbye at every
I would you like to know if in TransactSQL of SQLServer7 exist a function that return the position of a string into an other string .
that is a Instr function MSAccess like


I'm sorry for my bad English
Thank you for everything


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Instr (vbscript) Function Explanation ???

Jan 15, 2001

I went to Microsoft to find some info about the function Instr. I need to
perform a search with a string similar to their example I found below. Can
anyone explain to me Microsoft's example?? I am little confused by the
parameters used and the explanation it gives back to me??

Dim SearchString, SearchChar, MyPos
SearchString ="XXpXXpXXPXXP" ' String to search in.
SearchChar = "P" ' Search for "P".
MyPos = Instr(4, SearchString, SearchChar, 1) ' A textual comparison
starting at position 4. Returns 6.
MyPos = Instr(1, SearchString, SearchChar, 0) ' A binary comparison
starting at position 1. Returns 9.
MyPos = Instr(SearchString, SearchChar) ' Comparison is binary by default
(last argument is omitted). Returns 9.
MyPos = Instr(1, SearchString, "W") ' A binary comparison starting at
position 1. Returns 0 ("W" is not found).

My problem is this:

I need to scan within SearchString for blanks/spaces characters. When I
find one, then place the values to the left and right of it in seperate
columns. For example, I would need to scan 'John Smith A' and then place
'John' in FirstName column, 'Smith' in LastName column, and 'A' in MidName

I think this is how my code would read, but I am confused on how to place
the results into my table to the correct columns?

my search string would be SearchString = 'John Smith A'
my SearchChar would be SearchChar = ' ' (note I am searching for a
space/blank character)

So would then my code be like:

Dim SearchString, SearchChar, MyPos
SearchString = 'John Smith A'
SearchChar = ' '
MyPos = Instr(1, SearchString, SearchChar, 0)

How do I get whatever is returned from the Instr function to a column in a

Any help would be great.


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Instr Function For MSQL Query

Jun 4, 2007

Hi All

My SQL is extremly rusted so I need some help with a very basic function. I have a character field which is built up using a category code + '-' + number. The problem I have is that the category codes are all different lengths and the items were added using 9 instead of 09. I'm trying to clean up the data so that the same item with e.g. category code DZ20 cannot be added as DZ20-1 and DZ20-01. How do I find the position of the '-' in the Query Analyser for MSSQL 2000?

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Find? Instr? Indexof?

Jan 20, 2006

is there a sql keyword for find or instr?

i have a field i wish to make into two and i need the position of a string "-" in the field so i can do a select right and copy that data to a new colm

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Using CURSOR For INSTR Purposes

Mar 21, 2007

TASK: At my work we want to categorize and summarize all our IIS web logs and make statistics from it and such. What I need to do is take the browser type from a certain column in the table. All the information is stored in 1 column, and I figure an instr function would be best to do this. I am new to SQL, so I was told to look up the cursor function. In summary, I want to take all the IIS data and match it up against a defined table and then have a sum function for each browser.

Here are some examples of what the column data looks like: (found in the [csMethod] column


I made a define table which lists an ID (primary key) and instr to search for as well as the full browser name. (define.browser)


1___Opera+7_______Opera 7
2___Opera/9_______Opera 9
4___Firefox/1.0___Mozilla Firefox 1.0
5___Firefox/1.5___Mozilla Firefox 1.5
6___Firefox/2.0___Mozilla Firefox 2.0
7___MSIE+5.5______Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5
8___MSIE+5________Microsoft Internet Explorer 5
9___MSIE+6________Microsoft Internet Explorer 6
10___MSIE+7________Microsoft Internet Explorer 7
11_________________OTHER BROWSER

I am having problems getting a cursor to work. Are there any good tutorials out there, or can anyone be of assistance. Thank you in advance.

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Instr() Equivalent In SQL Server

Jul 20, 2005

I am trying to convert a complex function from Oracle to SQL Serverand have come across Oracle's Instr() function. I see SQL Server hasCHARINDEX() which is similar, however it does not provide some keyfunctionality I need. Here is an example of the Oracle code:if Instr( sTg , cDelim, 1, 3 ) > 0 thensd := SubStr( sTg, Instr( sTg , cDelim, 1, 1 ) + 1, Instr( sTg,cDelim, 1, 2 ) - Instr( sTg , cDelim, 1, 1 ) - 1)end if;Has anybody converted anything similar to this within SQL Server? Anyhelp is GREATLY appreciated!Thanks.

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InStr To Remove : And , And Sum Data

May 1, 2007

Greetings All

I have some data-- specifically times for cell phone usage in the format of (7:00, 15:51, 1,200:45, etc). I need to find a way to remove the ":" and the ","-- sum the data and then return it to its previous format of (7:00, 15:51, 1,200:45, etc). Does anyone have some code they could post??

thanks as always


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Equivalent Of Oracle's INSTR( With 4 Parameters) In SQL Server

Feb 2, 2005

The syntax for Oracle's INSTR function is

instr (string1, string2, [start_position], [nth_appearance])

string1 is the string to search.

string2 is the substring to search for in string1.

start_position is the position in string1 where the search will start. This argument is optional. If omitted, it defaults to 1. The first position in the string is 1. If the start_position is negative, the function counts back start_position number of characters from the end of string1 and then searches towards the beginning of string1.

nth_appearance is the nth appearance of string2. This is optional. If omiited, it defaults to 1.

In SQL Server, we are having CHARINDEX and PATINDEX functions. But they will not accept the fourth paremeter (nth_appearance)

Do anybody know the solution for this ????

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Reporting Services :: Getting Error Displayed When Using InStr

Nov 18, 2015

I have a field that contains a town  ex : New York. Sometimes, the field will have brackets to be more specific ex: New York (Brooklyn). What I need is a formula that will return only "Brooklyn" if there are brackets or  the whole field if there are no brackets.Here's what I thought would do the trick :

=Iif(InStr(First(Fields!Ville.Value, "MW1R017A_IdentificationTravailleur_AdresseTravailleur"), "(") > 0,
Left(Split(First(Fields!Ville.Value, "MW1R017A_IdentificationTravailleur_AdresseTravailleur"), "(")(1), len(Split(First(Fields!Ville.Value, "MW1R017A_IdentificationTravailleur_AdresseTravailleur"), "(")(1)) - 1)
, First(Fields!Ville.Value, "MW1R017A_IdentificationTravailleur_AdresseTravailleur"))

So if InStr returns more than 0, meaning that I have brackets, I'll split at the "(", get the second part and remove the last character which is the closing bracket I don't want. If there is no bracket, I'll return the whole field.Somehow, when there is no bracket, my report overview shows me "#Error" as if the first Iif was true and what's in the true part is not actually possible, because it's trying to take the second part of a split that couldn't split because there is no bracket to split.

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Help Convert MS Access Function To MS SQL User Defined Function

Aug 1, 2005

I have this function in access I need to be able to use in ms sql.  Having problems trying to get it to work.  The function gets rid of the leading zeros if the field being past dosn't have any non number characters.For example:TrimZero("000000001023") > "1023"TrimZero("E1025") > "E1025"TrimZero("000000021021") > "21021"TrimZero("R5545") > "R5545"Here is the function that works in access:Public Function TrimZero(strField As Variant) As String   Dim strReturn As String   If IsNull(strField) = True Then      strReturn = ""   Else      strReturn = strField      Do While Left(strReturn, 1) = "0"         strReturn = Mid(strReturn, 2)      Loop   End If  TrimZero = strReturnEnd Function

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In-Line Table-Valued Function: How To Get The Result Out From The Function?

Dec 9, 2007

Hi all,

I executed the following sql script successfuuly:


USE pubs


CREATE FUNCTION dbo.AuthorsForState(@cState char(2))



RETURN (SELECT * FROM Authors WHERE state = @cState)


And the "dbo.AuthorsForState" is in the Table-valued Functions, Programmabilty, pubs Database.

I tried to get the result out of the "dbo.AuthorsForState" by executing the following sql script:


USE pubs


SELECT * FROM shcInLineTableFN


I got the following error message:

Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Line 1

Invalid object name 'shcInLineTableFN'.

Please help and advise me how to fix the syntax

"SELECT * FROM shcInLineTableFN"
and get the right table shown in the output.

Thanks in advance,
Scott Chang

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A Function Smilar To DECODE Function In Oracle

Oct 19, 2004

I need to know how can i incoporate the functionality of DECODE function like the one in ORACLE in mSSQL..
please if anyone can help me out...


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Using RAND Function In User Defined Function?

Mar 22, 2006

Got some errors on this one...

Is Rand function cannot be used in the User Defined function?

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Pass Output Of A Function To Another Function As Input

Jan 7, 2014

I need to be able to pass the output of a function to another function as input, where all functions involved are user-defined in-line table-valued functions. I already posted this on Stack Exchange, so here is a link to the relevant code: [URL] ...

I am fairly certain OUTER APPLY is the core answer here; there's *clearly* some way in which does *not* do what I need, or I would not get the null output you see in the link, but it seems clear that there should be a way to fool it into working.

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Jul 24, 2007


I wonder if there a function that i can use in the expression builder that return a value (e.g o) if the input value is null ( Like ifnull(colum1,0) )

i hope to have the answer because i need it so much.


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ROW_NUMBER() Function Is Not Recognized In Store Procedure.(how To Add ROW_NUMBER() Function Into SQL SERVER 2005 DataBase Library )

Feb 4, 2008

Can anybody know ,how can we add  builtin functions(ROW_NUMBER()) of Sql Server 2005  into database library.
I get this error when i used into storeprocedure :
ROW_NUMBER() function is not recognized in store procedure.
i used MS SQL SERVER 2005 , so i think "ROW_FUNCTION()" is not in MS SQL SERVER 2005 database library.
I need to add that function into MS SQL SERVER 2005 database library.
Can anbody know how we can add that function into MS SQL SERVER 2005 database library?

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Function To Call Function By Name Given As Parameter

Jul 20, 2005

I want to write function to call another function which name isparameter to first function. Other parameters should be passed tocalled function.If I call it function('f1',10) it should call f1(10). If I call itfunction('f2',5) it should call f2(5).So far i tried something likeCREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[func] (@f varchar(50),@m money)RETURNS varchar(50) ASBEGINreturn(select 'dbo.'+@f+'('+convert(varchar(50),@m)+')')ENDWhen I call it select dbo.formuła('f_test',1000) it returns'select f_test(1000)', but not value of f_test(1000).What's wrong?Mariusz

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Apr 3, 2007


I am trying to create a inline function which is listed below.

USE [Northwind]







(SELECT ident_current('orders'))


while executing this function in sql server 2005 my get this error

CREATE FUNCTION failed because a column name is not specified for column 1.

Pleae help me to fix this error



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Feb 1, 2006

Ok, I'm pretty knowledgable about T-SQL, but I've hit something that seems should work, but just doesn't...
I'm writing a stored procedure that needs to use the primary key fields of a table that is being passed to me so that I can generate what will most likely be a dynamically generated SQL statement and then execute it.
So the first thing I do, is I need to grab the primary key fields of the table.  I'd rather not go down to the base system tables since we may (hopefully) upgrade this one SQL 2000 machine to 2005 fairly soon, so I poke around, and find sp_pkeys in the master table.  Great.  I pass in the table name, and sure enough, it comes back with a record set, 1 row per column.  That's exactly what I need.
Umm... This is the part where I'm at a loss.  The stored procedure outputs the resultset as a resultset (Not as an output param).  Now I want to use that list in my stored procedure, thinking that if the base tables change, Microsoft will change the stored procedure accordingly, so even after a version upgrade my stuff SHOULD still work.  But... How do I use the resultset from the stored procedure?  You can't reference it like a table-valued function, nor can you 'capture' the resultset for use using the  syntax like:
DECLARE @table table@table=EXEC sp_pkeys MyTable
That of course just returns you the RETURN_VALUE instead of the resultset it output.  Ugh.  Ok, so I finally decide to just bite the bullet, and I grab the code from sp_pkeys and make my own little function called fn_pkeys.  Since I might also want to be able to 'force' the primary keys (Maybe the table doesn't really have one, but logically it does), I decide it'll pass back a comma-delimited varchar of columns that make up the primary key.  Ok, I test it and it works great.
Now, I'm happily going along and building my routine, and realize, hey, I don't really want that in a comma-delimited varchar, I want to use it in one of my queries, and I have this nice little table-valued function I call split, that takes a comma-delimited varchar, and returns a table... So I preceed to try it out...
SELECT *FROM Split(fn_pkeys('MyTable'),DEFAULT)
Syntax Error.  Ugh.  Eventually, I even try:
SELECT *FROM Split(substring('abc,def',2,6),DEFAULT)
Syntax Error.
Hmm...What am I doing wrong here, or can't you use a scalar-valued function as a parameter into a table-valued function?
SELECT *FROM Split('bc,def',DEFAULT) works just fine.
So my questions are:
Is there any way to programmatically capture a resultset that is being output from a stored procedure for use in the stored procedure that called it?
Is there any way to pass a scalar-valued function as a parameter into a table-valued function?
Oh, this works as well as a work around, but I'm more interested in if there is a way without having to workaround:
DECLARE @tmp varchar(8000)
SET @tmp=(SELECT dbo.fn_pkeys('MyTable'))
FROM Split(@tmp,DEFAULT)

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Apr 11, 2008

Hi All

Yesterday Peso was gracious enough to help me with creating function/views/sp's

I took those examples and extended what had from excel into function in SQL

however I see myself repeating certain parts of the query and i'm wondering if there is a way to call a function (in part or in whole) from another function?

Here are excerpts two functions I have:

We'll call this function UserUsage()
SELECT ut.LastName, ut.FirstName,
CEILING(Sum(hu.session_time)/ 60000) AS [Time Spent(MIN)],
Max(hu.time_stamp) AS [Last Log Date],
pct.Title, cat.topic_name
FROM ZSRIVENDEL.dbo.UserTable ut,
ZSRIVENDEL.dbo.history_usage hu,
ZSRIVENDEL.dbo.pc_CourseTitles pct,
ZSRIVENDEL.dbo.cam_topics cat
WHERE ut.student_id = hu.student_id
AND hu.course_id = pct.CourseID
AND hu.topic_id = cat.topic_id
AND ((ut.ClientID=@ClientID)
AND (pct.ClientID=@ClientID)
AND (ut.GroupID=3400)
AND (hu.time_stamp>= @StartDate
And hu.time_stamp< @EndDate)
AND (hu.session_time<21600000))
GROUP BY ut.LastName, ut.FirstName, pct.Title, cat.topic_name

and will call this function UserSummary():
SELECTut.LastName, ut.FirstName,
CEILING(SUM(hu.Session_Time) / 60000.0) AS [Time Spent(MIN)]
ON hu.Student_ID = ut.Student_ID
WHERE ut.ClientID = @ClientID
AND ut.GroupID = 3400
AND hu.Time_Stamp >= @StartDate
AND hu.Time_Stamp < @EndDate
AND hu.Session_Time < 21600000
GROUP BY ut.LastName, ut.FirstName

As you can see the first part of the both query are simlar. In particular the:

SELECTut.LastName, ut.FirstName,
CEILING(SUM(hu.Session_Time) / 60000.0) AS [Time Spent(MIN)]

and also the variables @StartDate and @EndDate.

In C# it would create a method and just call that method as well as the variables. However i'm not sure how to do that with sql functions. Could someone shed some light please?

Thank you!

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Jul 20, 2005

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Apr 30, 2007

I have a table:tblRateUserUserIDJudge intUserIDJudged intscore int
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Each user can only score another user once.
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 declare @avgscore decimal(4,1) set @avgscore=(select avg(score) from tblRateUser WHERE UserCodeJudged=@ID)    print 'avg score: '+ cast(@avgscore as nvarchar(15)) in the above example this results for usercode judged 7  in an average score of 7.0 whereas I would expect 7.5 (10+5)/2
what am I doing wrong?

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Aug 19, 2007

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May 8, 2008

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I have the code above but I keep getting an error message around the last line that I am not sure what it means. Can anyone please help?? Thanks in Advanc3e

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Thanks for any help,

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Jul 14, 2005

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Sep 12, 2002


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Jun 9, 2004


I am upgrading an AccessXP database to SQL 2000 and have an issue with week numbers.

There is currently a piece of VBA that calculates the week number for time recording purposes using the DatePart function as
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I have tried to get this replicated in SQL by using

declare @TaxDate as datetime
declare @TheWeek float

set @TaxDate = @TheDate -90 -7

set @TheWeek = cast(datepart("ww",@TheDate) as numeric (30))
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